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Establishing a small-scale hydropower plant is good for the environment and contributes towards the green shift. Norwegian hydroelectric power is green, renewable, clean and future-oriented. Small-scale power plants use natural rivers for a limited period to produce electricity, while also strengthening the local community and giving something back.

At Småkraft, we and our owners have a goal to become a leader in sustainability. We have a long-term perspective and a healthy balance between production and earnings, while also prioritising the preservation of biological diversity and local value creation. We are also engaged in current research that explores opportunities for achieving additional environmental benefits in our industry. We are constantly working to improve and find new solutions to reduce our power plants’ impact on the environment and optimise the utilisation of water passing through our turbines.


Animals and fish

All watercourses, large and small, have their own unique fauna which have requirements that need to be taken into consideration. Småkraft builds and operates power plants in a manner that tries to limit the drawbacks in the ecological balance of the river. Thus could involve mussels, salamanders, trout, eels or salmon, moss or trees, or birds such as the white-throated dipper or grey wagtail.

Animal and aquatic life
Norwegian nature

Global perspective

“Think globally, act locally” has long been a slogan in the work for a better planet. By utilising local, renewable resources every single Norwegian small-scale hydropower plant contributes to development that is desirable for taking care of our planet and ensuring a good quality of life for succeeding generations.


Norway and Sweden have a combined area of more than 774,000 square kilometres, and in both countries, rural areas play decisive roles. By stimulating economic activity and value creation, Småkraft helps to vitalise rural Norway and maintain dispersed settlement patterns. The Norwegian National Association of Small-scale Hydropower Producers has performed impact analyses showing that the average power plant creates NOK 13.5 million in local ripple effects and a further NOK 13.5 million in national ripple effects. Småkraft’s power plants are thus creating substantial value across all of Norway.

Norwegian nature

Minimum flow rate

A minimum flow rate is imposed on permit recipients through the terms and conditions of the permit or as a requirement for a permit-free measure. The magnitude of the minimum flow rate is based on the conditions in the watercourse and the need for water during the various seasons.

Requirements for minimum flow must be met at any given time. Generally the requirement for the minimum flow rate is set at the intake where water is led from the watercourse, although there may also be a requirement for a minimum flow rate further down in the watercourse. All permit holders for watercourse systems with a requirement for a hydroelectric discharge flow rate are required to log and provide documentation to show that the flow rate is correct. In addition, it should be possible to monitor the minimum flow rate in real time at the site to ensure that the correct amount is being discharged.

Requirements by the authorities

Norwegian authorities pose strict requirements for establishing and operating power plants. This is understandable in order to reduce the drawbacks such interventions represent. At Småkraft, we are constantly working to ensure that we meet all the requirements imposed on us as a small-scale hydropower company.

District Norway

Climate change and small-scale hydropower plants

Småkraft AS collaborates with various research institutions as part of the Climate Futures project. This purpose of this project is to determine the relationship between weather data and run-off, so that we can use weather and climate models to estimate expected production in both the short and long term.

Sustainability is all about balance

At Småkraft, we are focused on balancing various considerations when creating value and renewable energy. It’s all about the environment, the climate and creating value.

Do you have questions?

Don’t hesitate to contact us for more information.